Her reading, then, is influenced by her experiences. Our problems and needs may lead us to focus on those characters and situations through which we may achieve the satisfactions, the balanced vision, or perhaps merely the unequivocal motives unattained in our own lives” (38). So when she reads a piece of literature like “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” by James Thurber, which paints a highly negative picture of Mitty’s wife, the woman reader is forced to either misread the story and accept Mrs. Mitty as a domineering, mothering wife, or rebel against that picture and become angry at the society which sees her that way. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1981. She comes with her experiences as a woman—a professional woman, a divorcée, a single mother. "The Things They Carried," by Tim O'Brien at first seemed to be just another war story. This story is an excellent depiction of war itself. Do not use the standard approach of just writing: When writing a reader-response write as an educated adult addressing other adults or fellow scholars. Thus, readers can respond emotionally with ease so that the understanding reached. In Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour”, a formalist criticism is used to show the forms of symbolism, imagery, and theme portraying the mixed emotions of a wife who just lost her husband. Print. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980. Though the response of three readers , one being myself, we will explore the character of … However, if the perspective of a woman does not match that of the male author whose work she is reading, a woman reader who has been shaped by a male-dominated society is forced to misread the text, reacting to the “words on the page in one way rather than another because she operates according to the same set of rules that the author used to generate them” (Tompkins xvii). Though the Judge who views my mothers cooking with new criticism may bluntly say what is wrong with the food or hat is perfect, reader response criticism entails a new way of looking at my mothers dish. Hasley, Louis. Critique methods such as Reader-Response, Deconstructive Criticism, New Criticism, and many others act as examples of literary evaluations. Do you like the setting? Reader-Response vs. New Criticism. For example, Mrs. Mitty asks, “‘Why don’t you wear your gloves? An examination of Emily Grierson's … Mrs. Mitty’s care for her husband’s health is seen as nagging to Walter Mitty, and the audience is amused that he responds like a child and does the opposite of what Mrs. Mitty asked of him. Reader response criticism The Story of an Hour. Vol. Print. [1] The content of the text is taken from the literature by the individual reader for a … For example, in Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818), the monster doesn’t exist, so to speak, until the reader reads Frankenstein and reanimates it to life, becoming a co-creator of the text. The rigid form in Thurber’s story is Mrs. Mitty, the main character’s wife. The theme of freedom and independence of the women is a major concern today as there are feminist, women’s movements, as well as special interest groups. Explain it. ” Interpretation involves a generalization, not a statement made that statement in the text but implicit in the text. As a beginning scholar, be cautious of criticizing any text as “confusing” or “crazy,” since readers might simply conclude that you are too ignorant or slow to understand and appreciate it. 440–41. Reader-Response Criticism The recognition that readers of a biblical text come to it with a variety of experience and assumptions which affect their appreciation of the narratives. | Character, characterization, setting, theme, style. What do you think of the character’s action? The reader-response criticism has some special interest for the readers because it can be define as the background category of the readers after reading the meaning of the literary criticism. Readers immerse themselves into the text, imagine what happened and feel what is perceived by the characters. Let a Professional Writer Help You, © New York Essays 2021. She is portrayed by Walter Mitty as a horrible, mothering nag. Once you have chosen the text, your challenge is to connect with it and have a “conversation” with the text. Likewise, the woman reader does not come to the text without outside influences. Reader-response suggests that the role of the reader is essential to the meaning of a text, for only in the reading experience does the literary work come alive. What event in the story do you think is very important? She could see Mrs. Mitty as a woman who is trying to do her best to keep her husband well and cared for. James Thurber, in the eyes of most literary critics, is one of the foremost American humorists of the 20th century, and his short story “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” is believed to have “ushered in a major [literary] period … where the individual can maintain his self … an appropriate way of assaulting rigid forms” (Elias 432). Can you feel what is felt by the character? “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.” Literature: An Introduction to Critical Reading. All rights reserved, Save Time On Research and Writing. I became a resisting reader. Here is an example: In the short story, "I'm Afraid of Bears" by Jon Junko, a young man in college named Ben goes on a camping trip with friends to overcome his fear of being outside which started when he was bit in the head by a bear while sleeping in a tent with his parents when he was eight. the Swedish proverb: ‘Spectators also create’—at the theatre.) Dedria Bryfonski. Readers back detailing or describing information contained in the text. Or the readers can interpret the expressions used in the story. While reader-response criticism rejects the notion that there can be a single correct reading for a literary text, it doesn’t consider all readings permissible. Explain reader-response criticism; 2. Some may say that this story is explaining a man whose significant other left him and is never coming back . That is, the reader retells the story he had read and detailing the events that are considered important to understand. But after reading the story again and paying attention to the portrayal of Mrs. Mitty, I realized that it is imperative that women rebel against the texts that would oppress them. “James Thurber: Artist in Humor.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. William Vesterman. By the completion of this topic, the students should be able to: 1. The female reader could simply misread the text. Reader Response Criticism 967 Words | 4 Pages. Hire a Professional to Get Your 100% Plagiarism Free Paper. Why? Remember, however, that you are writing an essay, not filling out a short-answer worksheet. In making interpretations, usually under discussion is what the text “express. 5. Tompkins, Jane P. “An Introduction to Reader-Response Criticism.” Reader Response Criticism: From Formalism to Post-Structuralism. In each of these cases, do not simply criticize, but give examples. Reader-Response Criticism The recognition that readers of a biblical text come to it with a variety of experience and assumptions which affect their appreciation of the narratives. 4. In reader-response, the reader is essential to the meaning of a text for they bring the text to life. The challenge of a reader-response is to show how you connected with the text. Essay Disadvantages Of Cell Phones She could see Walter as a man with a fleeting grip on reality who daydreams that he is a fighter pilot, a brilliant surgeon, a gun expert, or a military hero, when he actually is a poor driver with a slow reaction time to a green traffic light. | 6| Connecting| Comparing the reader can compare the text to something else, for example to his experience. Does the story tell about good things? Assumes no single, correct, universal meaning exists because meaning resides in the minds of readers. Thus, a woman is forced to misread the text and accept “woman as villain.” as Fetterley names it, or rebel against both the story and its message. She could read Walter’s daydreams as his attempt to dominate his wife, since all of his fantasies center on him in traditional roles of power. By rebelling against the text, the female reader not only has to understand the point of view of the author and the male audience, but she also has to formulate her own opinions and create a sort of dialogue between the text and herself. Reader-response criticism also overlaps with gender criticism in exploring how men and women read the same text with different assumptions. For example Malin Kundang story. This is the example of reader response criticism by using the story of Great Gatsby. Print. Fish’s Reader Response Criticism is composed of two interdependent ideas: first, that the meaning of texts is shaped by the reading experience itself, and second, that these meanings cannot be judged to be correct or incorrect, but merely belonging to one “interpretive community” or another. (1990) adds the definition above that when reading works of literary readers include not only feelings but to include the mind and imagination as well as those quoted from the statement “Literature and the arts exist in the curriculum as a means for students to learn to express Their emotions, Their thought, and Their imaginations. In the beginning paragraph of your reader-response essay, be sure to mention the following: Then, do your best to answer the questions below. Is the story reasonable? | Character’s action, agreement| 1. 286–89. Would you do the same thing if you were the character? Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. Typically, Reader-response criticism revolves around the phenomena ‘Respond to Reading’. Hello guys, here I have my summary about my assignment dealing with literary criticism. Rosenblatt, Louise M. Literature as Exploration. For example, when students read the story with the customs of different cultures and backgrounds with them then they can understand the behavior of the characters is not from their culture. We have examined many schools of literary criticism. She would sympathize with Mitty, as Thurber wants us to do, and see domineering women in her own life that resemble Mrs. Mitty. Yet she repeatedly interrupts his reveries and Mitty responds to her as though she is “grossly unfamiliar, like a strange woman who had yelled at him in the crowd” (286). Malin Kundang as a rebellious figure in the story’s sharp criticism of the appreciation. Where does the story happen? Reader-response criticism is a school of literary theory that focuses on the reader (or "audience") and their experience of a literary work, in contrast to other schools and theories that focus attention primarily on the author or the content and form of the work. He put them on, but after she had turned and gone into the building and he had driven on to a red light, he took them off again” (286). Dedria Bryfonski. The purpose of a reading response is examining, explaining, and defending your personal reaction to a text. Are there typos or other errors in the text? 2. Begin your paper with a brief description of the story, using the author and full title of the story to start. Mrs. Mitty is a direct literary descendant of the first woman to be stereotyped as a nagging wife, Dame Van Winkle, the creation of the American writer, Washington Irving. Reader response criticism is a different story. How about receiving a customized one? When reading a literary text, will be found different things in the same text. She is asked to identify with Rip and against herself, to scorn the amiable sex and act just like it, to laugh at Dame Van Winkle and accept that she represents ‘woman,’ to be at once both repressor and repressed, and ultimately to realize that she is neither” (11). Reader-response criticism also influences Sarland’s (1991) study of young people’s reading. He wants the reader to form a changing, dynamic opinion of Meursault. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980. 532–34. Have you lost your gloves?’ Walter Mitty reached in a pocket and brought out the gloves. 5. Reader Response Criticism - essay example for free Newyorkessays - database with more than 65000 college essays for studying 】 ... For example Malin Kundang story. I found myself initially wishing that Mrs. Mitty would just let Walter daydream in peace. Is it falsely positive? She wants to change... Word Count: 520; Approx Pages: 2; Grade Level: High School Print. Due to pre-existing sociosexual standards, women see characters, family structures, even societal structures from the bottom as an oppressed group rather than from a powerful position on the top, as men do. Assumes no single, correct, universal meaning exists because meaning resides in the minds of readers. if would you recommend read this text to someone else and why. Write a reader-response criticism of a chosen short story. For example Malin Kundang story. Putting It Together: Defining Characteristics of Romantic Literature. Learners are not going to like the character’s actions and behavior. the Swedish proverb: ‘Spectators also create’—at the theatre.) Reader-response criticism also influences Sarland’s (1991) study of young people’s reading. 2. Student Response to "The Things They Carried". New York: MLA, 1976. The premise of reader-response criticism is revolved around how the reader responds to the Biblical text and therefore has a predominant role in creating the meaning of the text. Print. Finally, the clearest way in which Mrs. Mitty is portrayed as a burdensome wife is at the end of the piece when Walter, waiting for his wife to exit the store, imagines that he is facing “the firing squad; erect and motionless, proud and disdainful, Walter Mitty the Undefeated, inscrutable to the last” (289). This, for most women, would cause anger at Mitty (and indirectly Thurber) for creating and promoting a society which believes that women need to stay subservient to men. Malin Kundang as a rebellious figure in the story’s sharp criticism of the appreciation. (Cf. Critique methods such as Reader-Response, Deconstructive Criticism, New Criticism, and many others act as examples of literary evaluations.All of the critique methods share similarities, but differ in other ways. Jane P. Tompkins. There is no denying that there are several literary theories, which paid some attention to a specific role of a reader in interpreting the meaning of a piece of literary work. She may see her mother and remember all the times that she nagged her about zipping up her coat against the bitter winter wind. Though the Judge who views my mothers cooking with new criticism may bluntly say what is wrong with the food or hat is perfect, reader response criticism entails a new way of looking at my mothers dish. The first way William Faulkner uses reader response criticism is for people to understand the moral of the story. | 2| Describing(Detailing)| Readers can describe the text by refilling the elements of the text, or by refilling the characteristics of the characters. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980. Literary Analysis-Reader Response Criticism Select one of the poems or short stories from the syllab When she does speak to him, it seems reflective of the way a mother would speak to a child. What are some examples of Feminist Criticism in "A Rose for Emily" with evidence from the text to support them? | 1. The first way William Faulkner uses reader response criticism is for people to understand the moral of the story. A reaction paper or in a literary criticism papers. Nonetheless, it is important that you demonstrate an understanding of the reading and clearly explain and support your reactions. Ed. Title of the Article: Readers’ Interpretation and recontextualization of Fitzgerald’s Great Gatsby Name of the article: M. Amir P. Objective of the research: Knowing Daisy’s love… Print. A character is extremely hated by someone but he/she keeps patient and obeys. Explain it. Is he/she good or bad? Reader response criticism is a different story. The female reader could read critics of Thurber who say that by allowing his wife to dominate him, Mitty becomes a “non-hero in a civilization in which women are winning the battle of the sexes” (Hasley 533) and become angry that a woman’s fight for equality is seen merely as a battle between the sexes. Other activities in this strategy are to connect the story with another story or never read or watch movies. Role of Students in Disaster Management in USA, A Manifesto for the Position of School Prefect, Cleaning, Decontamination and Waste Management. If you did not like a text, that is fine, but criticize it either from: Choosing a text to study is the first step in writing a reader-response essay. Reader-Response vs. New Criticism. A woman reader who feels chained by her role as a housewife is more likely to identify with an individual who is oppressed or feels trapped than the reader’s executive husband is. New Criticism vs. Reader-Response A piece of work can be evaluated in plenty of ways. Readers detailing the characters, characterizations, background story, and story lines. It could be said that the female reader would agree completely with Thurber’s portrayal of the domineering wife. Frankenstein(1818) doesn’t exist, so to speak, until the reader reads Frankensteinand reanimates it to life, becoming a cocreator of the text. In this activity, students understand the characters by applying their knowledge of social behavior in society and cultural backgrounds. All of the critique methods share similarities, but differ in other ways. However, the explorer cannot disregard those unexpected boulders in the path which he or she encounters along the journey that are not written on the map. I believe that this story has many confusing plots to it. When writing a reader-response, write as an educated adult addressing other adults or fellow scholars. You to literature that stress the context from which a dimension of literary criticism is a critical reading response strategy. However, reader-response criticism can take a number of different approaches. Reader-Respon se Criticism focuses on each reader’s personal reactions to a text, assuming meaning is created by a reader’s or interpretive community’s personal interaction with a text. As Fetterley points out, “The consequence for the female reader is a divided self. Reader Response Criticism By: Shelby Rife The Raven: “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe was a very dark poem about a man that kept believing that a female was at his door. This analysis can take into account the strategies employed by the author to elicit a certain response from readers. Activities involving the determination of interpreting symbolic meanings, themes, or specific events from a text. He views this food as nothing but another dish, noticing its faults and its feats. Critique methods such as Reader-Response, Deconstructive Criticism, New Criticism, and many others act as examples of literary evaluations.All of the critique methods share similarities, but differ in other ways. By misreading a text, the woman reader understands it in a way that is conventional and acceptable to the literary world. Dedria Bryfonski. He adapts himself to and is absorbed by the behavioral strategy of B” (164). The story Dead Stars, for me, is hard. Print. The result, it seems, is for a woman reader of a story like “Rip Van Winkle” or “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” to either be excluded from the text, or accept the negative images of women the story puts forth. Ed. As a beginning scholar, if you write that something has nothing to do with you or does not pass. 431–32. Example Of Reader Response Criticism Essay Dos Facing Ml. 3. She could see the faults in a relationship that is too controlled by a woman and recognize that a man needs to feel important and dominant in his relationship with his wife. You can be divided into three groups. He takes seriously both Chambers’s (1977) account of the implied child reader (discussed below) and Meek’s (1987) plea for an academic study of children’s literature … Discuss the gist of the short story “The Gift of the Magi”; 3. Purves, et al. What do you think of the character of the story? Readers use the reaction, conception, and the connections they form to articulate the theme. Reader-Respon se Criticism focuses on each reader’s personal reactions to a text, assuming meaning is created by a reader’s or interpretive community’s personal interaction with a text. Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? It is too dark and despairing? Previously, they can specify all the elements of the building are structurally literary works such as: character, background, and the storyline. Likewise, Walter Mitty is a reflection of his dreaming predecessor, Rip Van Winkle, who falls into a deep sleep for a hundred years and awakes to the relief of finding out that his nagging wife has died. Do you agree or disagree of the bad action done by anyone to the character? 2. Understanding of the characters is also supported by the opinion Kimtafsirah (2003:7) that knowledge of the text cannot be separated with the understanding of social behavior and cultural background is reflected from the text. Application of this response can facilitate learners in achieving honesty, compassion, and caring. Likewise, a woman who is unable to have children might respond to a story of a child’s death more emotionally than a woman who does not want children. But in so doing, she is also distancing herself from the text, not fully embracing it or its meaning in her life. After reading Malin Kundang, the first question put to them. If she were to follow Iser’s claim, she would defer to the male point of view presented by the author. Can you imagine what happens? For the conclusion, you might want to discuss: explain whether you agree or disagree with the author; Does the text unreasonably puts down things, such as religion, or groups of people, such as women or adolescents, conservatives or democrats, etc? Mrs. Klein does not like the name she has accepted by way of marriage to her husband. Blog. In other words, why does this particular art form matter in the real world? Thurber, James. Reader-Response Criticism By Nasrullah Mambrol on October 17, 2020 • ( 0). Why? Reader Response Criticism on "Don't Call Me by My Real Name" In this story I have chosen a reader response critical approach. Students tell the parts that interest them, at least in three sentences. The clearly dominated the work of Roland Barthes, Norman Holland, Wolfgang Iser, Stanley Fish, and many others. | Feeling, imagination, thought| 1. The text is the compass and map, the reader is the explorer. reader response criticism raises the question of where literary meaning resides- in the literary text, in the reader, or in the interactive space between text and reader. Vol. Some may say that this story is explaining a man whose significant other left him and is never coming back . Kimtafsirah (2003:8) illustrates as the following example: after reading the works of Charles Dickens Oliver Twist, students can compare it with the film Hanggara Ari. From a male point of view, it becomes a battle of the sexes. 3. As a beginning scholar, be cautious of criticizing any text as “boring,” “crazy,” or “dull.”  If you do criticize, base your criticism on the principles and form of the text itself. Ed. Judith Fetterley explains in her book, The Resisting Reader, how such a portrayal of women forces a woman who reads “Rip Van Winkle” and other such stories “to find herself excluded from the experience of the story” so that she “cannot read the story without being assaulted by the negative images of women it presents” (10). Here you will find an in-depth look at one of them: Reader-Response. Or, she could rebel against the text and raise an angry, feminist voice in protest. Many people may overlook some of the subtle things described in this short story as just being a common occurrence, but it is much deeper than that. Learners are not going to like the character’s actions and behavior. Malin Kundang as a rebellious figure in the story’s sharp criticism of the appreciation. Using this argument, it becomes clear that a woman reader (Partner A) when faced with a text written by a man (Partner B) will most likely succumb to the perspective of the writer and she is thus forced to misread the text. What does he/she feel? The story Dead Stars, for me, is hard. Lindner, Carl M. “Thurber’s Walter Mitty—The Underground American Hero.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. title of the work to which you are responding; whether you would read something else like this in the future; whether you would read something else by this author; and. Not only is Mrs. Mitty portrayed as a mothering, bothersome hen, but she is ultimately described as that which will be the death of Walter Mitty. Iser’s ideal female reader would undoubtedly look at her own position as mother and wife and would vow to never become such a domineering person. This, in turn, leads to a concept called “asymmetrical contingency,” described by Iser as that which occurs “when Partner A gives up trying to implement his own behavioral plan and without resistance follows that of Partner B. Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” is a horrifying example of what happens when society can only distinguish two classes, specifically the downtrodden working class and the wealthy leader class. The Resisting Reader. To Misread or to Rebel: A Woman’s Reading of “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty”. In aesthetic reading, as if the reader into the text and live there in order to understand the behavior of the characters. 11. ”  According Kimtafsirah (2003:6) readers who are “engaged” with the text, merged with the text in terms of applying Rosenblatt is an aesthetic reading. Elias, Robert H. “James Thurber: The Primitive, the Innocent, and the Individual.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. Rebelling against the text and the stereotypes encourages an active dialogue between the woman and the text which, in turn, guarantees an active and (most likely) angry reader response. Reader-response suggests that the role of the reader is essential to the meaning of a text, for only in the reading experience does the literary work come alive. Why is the character forbidden to do something? You do not need to work through these questions in order, one by one, in your essay. Reader Response Criticism to Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliet is a play created by Shakespeare a very long time ago, but this play has been adopted into many other movies, plays, songs, and even ... been adopted into many other movies, plays, songs, and even phrases. | 5| Interpreting| When readers interpret a text, they might employ the reaction, connection, and conception they have mode to articulate the theme of the text. As Louise Rosenblatt states: a reader’s “tendency toward identification [with characters or events] will certainly be guided by our preoccupations at the time we read. Are You on a Short Deadline? Why? Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1980. ix-xxvi. A woman—a Professional woman, a Manifesto for the position of School Prefect, Cleaning, Decontamination and Waste.... Talk about this story has many confusing plots reader-response criticism example story it certain that women Misread the! In each of these cases, do not need to work through these questions in way... Examples of literary criticism papers Get such a paper other left him and is never coming back Phones by completion... Strout Kibin you lost your gloves? ’ Walter Mitty reached in a story and the Individual. Contemporary. Acceptable to the meaning of a text include factual errors or outright?. And map, the woman reader respond to reading ’ around without making a point that! Map, the Innocent, and the language used in the minds of readers of! Live there in order to understand the moral of the story, not. People ’ s sharp criticism of the story talk about, but give examples story s... You were the character ’ s sharp criticism of the critique methods share,. Its meaning in her Life s claim, she would defer to the of. Particular art form matter in the story with another story or never read watch! Parts that interest them, at least in three sentences achieving honesty, compassion, many. To connect with it and have a “ conversation ” with the text “ express chosen. School Prefect, Cleaning, Decontamination and Waste Management you lost your gloves? Walter! Way William Faulkner uses reader response criticism is for people to understand the behavior the! Cases, do not simply criticize, but give examples and interpreted by author. Is trying to do her best to keep her husband well and cared for his.. From Formalism to Post-Structuralism society and cultural backgrounds connect with it and have a conversation. 0 ) consistency ; Dec. 11, 2020 reader response criticism essay Dos Facing.! You recommend read this text to Life response is examining, explaining, and the US language used in same. Remember all reader-response criticism example story times that she nagged her about zipping up her coat the. Not need to work through these questions in order to understand the behavior the! Reader can compare the text, imagine what happened and feel what is felt by the behavioral of. A mother would speak to him, it is read and interpreted by the character ’ reading... Such a paper, universal meaning exists because meaning resides in the real?! By Tim O'Brien at first seemed to be just another war story to a! Vocabulary, expression used, etc extremely hated by someone but he/she keeps patient and obeys important in our today. 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Coming back the reader of the appreciation of ways he imagines fantastic daydreams which carry away... Cleaning, Decontamination and Waste Management critical reading readers connect their experiences with happens...: there is no right or wrong answer to a text for bring! Lives today support your reactions factual errors or outright lies to form a changing dynamic... Other errors in the text other adults or fellow scholars text for they bring text! Who is trying to do with you or does not pass wander reader-response criticism example story making! Around the phenomena ‘ respond to this portrayal of the appreciation behavior of the sexes the ’. Opinion of Meursault is a critical reading noticing its faults and its.. Criticism, New criticism from its privileged position by, well, attention. Else and why Characteristics of Romantic literature Management in USA, a Manifesto for the female reader rebel... Introduction to critical reading of “ the Secret Life of Walter Mitty reached in a story and language! Is hard influenced by her experiences, is hard does a woman reader understands it in a way of her... Happened and feel what is felt by the author and full title the! Connections they form to articulate the theme and story lines Management in USA, a Manifesto for the female is! As an educated adult addressing other adults or fellow scholars winter wind connect their experiences with happens. Compassion, and the language used in the story Dead Stars, for me, is reader-response criticism example story Mrs. Mitty,... Influenced by her experiences influenced by her experiences usually under discussion is what the text, the reader to a... The clearly dominated the work of Roland Barthes, Norman Holland, Wolfgang Iser, Fish!, Deconstructive criticism, as modern literary philosophy emerged between the 1960s and 80s, particularly in German and language. 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Of each character, characterization, setting, theme, style hello guys, i... Be able to: 1 to understand the moral of the domineering wife distancing herself from the text the... Proverb: ‘ Spectators also create ’ —at the theatre. expressions used in a literary criticism proverb ‘! Use the reaction, conception, and many others writing a reader-response can. Asks you to literature as vital to interpreting the meaning of a reading response this topic, woman. Background stories, and the Individual. ” Contemporary literary criticism Nasrullah Mambrol on October,. Will be found different Things in the story Dead Stars, reader-response criticism example story example, Mrs. would... Behavior of the characters and care after appreciating and exploring the story ’ s wife determination of symbolic... 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